题目：A Strategic Review on Processing Routes towards Scalable Fabrication of Perovskite Solar Cells
作者：Yingzhuang Maa,*, Qing Zhaob,c,*
a Wenzheng College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215104, Jiangsu, China
b State Key Lab for Mesoscopic Physics and Frontiers Science Center for Nano-optoelectronics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
c Peking University Yangtze Delta Institute of Optoelectronics, Nantong 226010, Jiangsu, China
Perovskite solar cells have reached a power-conversion efficiency (PCE) of 25.6%, showing great potential with reliable moisture and heat stability. Most results are achieved on small-area devices, using conventional thin-film processing technologies like spin-coating method. However, such approaches may not be upscaled for large-area substrates. Thus, strategies and materials need to be developed for manufacturing processing routes to realize future commercial photovoltaic fabrications. Notable results have been achieved on large-area perovskite solar cells. In this review, similarities and differences of large-area perovskite fabrication mechanisms between the various pathways are investigated, especially on the parameters affecting the nucleation and crystal growth kinetics. Moreover, the methods for large-area transporting layers and electrodes are discussed, and some key issues from cells to modules. Challenges and opportunities are proposed to pave the way of high-efficiency perovskite solar modules.